Sunday, December 4, 2011

History of Swat Valley Written by Jamal Panhwar.


Alexander was in a hurry when he came to Swat, he was unable to locals in the Swat Valley, even today when he said that the time to relax on the banks of the River Swat and feel the cool breeze from the snow-capped mountain Ushu and listen to the echo of the whistle from the mountain of the valley that he would never have left this heaven on earth and today his grave would have been here.


300 years later, Kanishka felt the romance of this valley and left the busy city of Peshawar that have capital horses and horses came to Swat Valley Swat made it the capital of his kingdom Gandhara and stayed here. Swat It was a place for Buddhism, where Buddhism flourished and reached its peak. The numerous atricles found in various archaeological sites are evidence of a cheerful and prosprous Erra of this valley.

In the 6th century AD, White Huns came and destroyed each site of Buddhism and wounded and killed the loving people of the valley, after the attack by the White Huns Hyun Sang came pilgrmage of this valley and unfortunately wrote that the majority of 1400 monasteries of Swat are either burned or abondand and ruined most of the monks have left or are dead, those who remain to talk about Buddhism, but they do not know the meaning of the teachings of Buddha.

Huan Sang wrote this report of the valley and took all the written material on 40 horses to China, although Huan Sang wrote this 1500 years ago, but it looks like he's talking about what is happening in this wonderful heaven on earth.

Even after the brutal invasion of Huns whiter Swat was a place of pilgrimage for the Buddhist was ruled and inhabited by Buddhists to Sultan Mehmood of Ghani invaded Swat and the last Buddhist Geera Raja was overthrown.

At the end of the 15th century the valley was invaded by the Afghan Yousuzais them the inhabitants of this valley pushed the Indus valley region and thus a new nation formed by the name of the Hazara still the name of the region and The name of the residents of confluance of the Indus River and Kabul. The newcomer Yousufzais were not as bad as White Huns, they developed their king Militry Riles and Sardar Sheikh Milli even wrote poetry that was known to the conquest of Swat.

Bayazid Ansari wrote hist Biography and wrote books like Khairul Bayan, which was a book about the distribution of land laws and the rules of division. Akhund Zada ​​Daweza wrote "Tazkerah" and "Makhzan" all these were marked as the basis of Pushto literature. These two books are considered the masterpieces of Persian and Pushto literature of those days. Akhund Baba Darweza held many discussions with Bayazid Ansari religious.

In 1050 AD great poet Khushal Khan Khattak of Pushto came to Swat. During his stay in Swat, Swat Nama he wrote in verse. It was a great contribution to Pushto literature in Swat. Swat Nama includes the geographical, cultural, political and historical aspects of the Swat those days.

After Moghuls in the mid-19th century two local rulers Akbar Shah & Sha Mubarak ruled Swat tried to close them both on the basis of religion and culture, but if English had their dominion to an end. From 1863-1915 this area was ruled by the neighboring state of Dir then one day the tribes men of a Swat jirga held in Kabal and they chose Mian Gulshan Zada ​​Abdul Wali of Swat as wudood. Mian Gul Wudood was crowned in 1916 and was popularly as Bacha Saheb of Swat.

Bacha Saheb was a progressive ruler British empire are accepted as semi-autonomous Kingdom, he was entitled to a salute of 15 guns, he did push to replace Persian the official language for the first time countries were alloted to the people according to a new legacy Age of Khan generated (Landlords), who got along well with the king, but wanted to keep the farmers and Poor's underdeveloped.

Mian Gul Bacha Saheb also had a constitution composed of religious and cultural education and called it "Fatavi Wudidia"
  
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