Murree


Murree city is a popular hill station and a summer resort, specially for the residents of Islamabad, and for the cities of the province of Punjab, Pakistan. Murree is also the governmental centre of Murree Tehsil, which is a sub-division of Rawalpindi District and includes the Murree hills.
Murree is situated along Islamabad-Kohala highway N75, some 30 km (19 mi) northeast of Islamabad.
The name Murree is derived from 'marhi', "high place although there is a popular belief it is named after the virgin Mary. 
Description
Murree is one of the largest resorts on the Galyat area of Pakistan, and is the capital city of Murree Tehsil (an administrative division of the Rawalpindi District). It is located on the southern slopes of the western Himalayas if they rise to the northeast toward Kashmir. During British rule in the nineteenth century, the height set at 7,000 feet (2,100 meters), but the actual amount is determined as 2,300 m (7,500 ft) above sea level.
Murree is accessible by road from the center of Islamabad and Rawalpindi areas. It is still associated with Britain, many British fruits (including cherries, raspberries and strawberries) thrive locally. There is a church built in 1857, located in the center of town, which is still used as a place of worship. Many houses around the
church are still standing, functioning mostly as hotels. Old traditional restaurants have been replaced by newer fast food shops and restaurants. Some old places of accommodation, as the Rich Villa Inn and Gulbergen Hotel, completely disappeared. A typical hotel usually provides a motel type accommodation with breakfast and communication access. Newly built hotels are also accessible.
Murree has expanded since 1947 at a rate far greater than that which its infrastructure can support. Safeguarding water and electricity is a constant challenge. The jam-packed bazaar has caught fire several times in the last century, and the growth of tourism and a construction boom have a negative impact on the local environment
.
History
Murree was founded in 1851 by the Governor of Punjab, Sir Henry Lawrence, and was originally for the British troops on the Afghan border as a sanatorium.
The permanent Murree city was built on Sunnybank in 1853. The church was consecrated in May 1857, and the main road, Jinnah Road, formerly known as The Mall (and still often called) was built. The main commercial institutions, the Post Office, general merchants with European goods, tailors and a millinery, were located opposite the church. Until 1947, access was limited to Jinnah Road "natives" (non-Europeans).
Until 1876, Murree was the summer headquarters of the Punjab Local Government;. After 1876 the headquarters were moved to Simla.
The rail link with Lahore, the capital of Punjab Province, made Murree a popular resort for Punjab officials, and the villas and other houses built for the accommodation of English families gave it a European dimension. It was described in the Gazetteer of Rawalpindi District, 1893-1894 as follows:
The sanatorium of Murree lied in latitude 33 ° 54 '30 "east longitude and 73 ° 26 '30", at an altitude of 7517 feet (2291 meters) above sea level and contains a permanent population of 1,768 inhabitants, which was, however, greatly
increased during the [May-November] season by the influx of visitors and their attendant clerks and shopkeepers. It is the most accessible hill station in the Punjab, far from Rawalpindi only five hours away by tonga ROOF. Magnificent views are obtained in the spring and fall of the snow crowned mountains of Kashmir, and the great sunset and cloud effects seen daily during the rains [July-August]. Part of the station, especially the Kashmir end, are also well wooded and pretty Murree also boasts a world-class educational institution:. * The Lawrence School, Ghora Gali
In 1901 the population of the city was officially 1844, but as summer visitors were recorded could be as high as 10,000.
In the warm season was the seat of Lieutenant-General of the Northern Command. The Commissioner of Rawalpindi Division and the Deputy Commissioner of Rawalpindi also stayed here during part of the warm season, the period for which an assistant was commissioner in charge of the division, consisting of Murree Tehsil. The site was chosen in 1850 almost immediately after the annexation of the province, and building operations at once begun. In 1851 temporary accommodation was provided for a detachment of troops, and in 1853 a permanent barracks were built. The garrison generally consisted of three mountain batteries. In 1873, 1874, and 1875, Murree was the summer seat of government of Punjab. It was connected with a department of Rawalpindi city by tonga
The houses crown the top and sides of an irregular rim with a beautiful view of forest covered hill-sides by deep valleys dotted with villages and fields. The neighboring hills were covered during the summer camps of the British troops, while the station itself is filled with European travelers and visitors from the plains into Kashmir. A nice view of the snowy peaks of Kashmir to be held on a clear day, and the summit of Nanga Parbat (26,182 feet (7980 m)) can sometimes be seen. The municipality was founded in 1850
The income during the ten years ending 1902-3 averaged Rs.
49,500, and the expenditure Rs. 48,200. In 1903-4 the income and expenditure Rs. 5R, 400, mainly from local taxes, and Rs. 54,400, respectively. The income and expenditure of cantonment funds averaged Rs. 10,000 between 1893 and 1903. The main educational institutions are the Lawrence Military Asylum for soldiers 'children, and St. Denys' and the English convent school for girls. The station includes the Lady Roberts  Home for invalid officers and a branch of the Alliance Bank of Simla. The Murree Brewery was the only industrial enterprise of any importance.
Climate 
Murree has a subtropical highland climate (CWB) under the classification Koppen climate. It is located in the outer Himalayas, while maintaining altitude. This type of area has cold, snowy winters and relatively cool summer with a dramatically escalated rain associated with lower altitudes, and frequent fog. Rainfall is received throughout the year, with two maximas, the first winter and second summer, from July to August. [9] The total annual rainfall is 1,789 mm (70.4 in).
Animals
Many rare animals can be found in Murree. One example is the leopard, which inhabits the neighboring region Galiyat. More common animals, the rhesus monkey, fox and various species including pheasant and kalij chir.
Tribes:
The main tribe of Murree are the Dhond Abbasi, other tribes are the Khawaja's, Kethwal Rajputs, the Dhanyals, Awans, Jasgam, Satti, Baig, Qureshi Family, Mengiral Rajput and Barlas.

Administration :But even if Tehsil headquarters, Murree is a Union Council, is in the north by Darya Gali and Rawat, on the west by Ghora Gali, in the south and Numbal Mussiari, and in the east and Gheel Charhan.   

Religion in Murree

Islam is the religion generally followed. There is also a significant Christian presence, churches from the British era can be found in different parts of Murree.

Journalism in Murree

The earliest reports of newspapers are sold in the Murree Hills from 1936 during the British rule. Today there are five daily newspapers (Daily Ousaf, Musalmaans daily, daily Azkar, Hill times daily and daily Nawa-e-Hazara), published in Islamabad, but modified by people in Murree Hills and Birote. Also, three weeklies Inqalab International, Post Hill and Qoumi Tshakhus. DASTAK publishes a journal from 2006.
  • Ehtesham Ahmed Khan Abbasi      is a compelling      journalist. Editor Inqalab International,          Founding Director Ex Daily      Asas (Urdu newspaper), Ex-Vice      President Asas Publications Pvt Ltd
  • The Murree Union of      Journalists was founded in 1983. The      first president of the union was Shwalvi      Salim, a senior      journalist and famous from Kashmir.
  • Imtiaz ul Haq, the senior      most journalists in Murree, along with      leading newspapers and TV network founding      member of Murree      Murree Press Club and President      of Association of Journalists.
Raja Saleem Afzal is Joint Secretary of Murree Union of Journalists and reporter of ATV.
Senior journalist Mohammed Obaidullah Alvi, Ishteaq Abbasi, Abbasi Talib and some other journalists Circle Bakote working for local and national media. They form a union of journalist a few years ago called GALYAT CIRCLE BAKOTE Union of Journalists. New president's CBGUJ Ishteaq Abbasi.