Sunday, December 4, 2011

History of Swat Valley Written by Jamal Panhwar.


Alexander was in a hurry when he came to Swat, he was unable to locals in the Swat Valley, even today when he said that the time to relax on the banks of the River Swat and feel the cool breeze from the snow-capped mountain Ushu and listen to the echo of the whistle from the mountain of the valley that he would never have left this heaven on earth and today his grave would have been here.


300 years later, Kanishka felt the romance of this valley and left the busy city of Peshawar that have capital horses and horses came to Swat Valley Swat made it the capital of his kingdom Gandhara and stayed here. Swat It was a place for Buddhism, where Buddhism flourished and reached its peak. The numerous atricles found in various archaeological sites are evidence of a cheerful and prosprous Erra of this valley.

In the 6th century AD, White Huns came and destroyed each site of Buddhism and wounded and killed the loving people of the valley, after the attack by the White Huns Hyun Sang came pilgrmage of this valley and unfortunately wrote that the majority of 1400 monasteries of Swat are either burned or abondand and ruined most of the monks have left or are dead, those who remain to talk about Buddhism, but they do not know the meaning of the teachings of Buddha.

Huan Sang wrote this report of the valley and took all the written material on 40 horses to China, although Huan Sang wrote this 1500 years ago, but it looks like he's talking about what is happening in this wonderful heaven on earth.

Even after the brutal invasion of Huns whiter Swat was a place of pilgrimage for the Buddhist was ruled and inhabited by Buddhists to Sultan Mehmood of Ghani invaded Swat and the last Buddhist Geera Raja was overthrown.

At the end of the 15th century the valley was invaded by the Afghan Yousuzais them the inhabitants of this valley pushed the Indus valley region and thus a new nation formed by the name of the Hazara still the name of the region and The name of the residents of confluance of the Indus River and Kabul. The newcomer Yousufzais were not as bad as White Huns, they developed their king Militry Riles and Sardar Sheikh Milli even wrote poetry that was known to the conquest of Swat.

Bayazid Ansari wrote hist Biography and wrote books like Khairul Bayan, which was a book about the distribution of land laws and the rules of division. Akhund Zada ​​Daweza wrote "Tazkerah" and "Makhzan" all these were marked as the basis of Pushto literature. These two books are considered the masterpieces of Persian and Pushto literature of those days. Akhund Baba Darweza held many discussions with Bayazid Ansari religious.

In 1050 AD great poet Khushal Khan Khattak of Pushto came to Swat. During his stay in Swat, Swat Nama he wrote in verse. It was a great contribution to Pushto literature in Swat. Swat Nama includes the geographical, cultural, political and historical aspects of the Swat those days.

After Moghuls in the mid-19th century two local rulers Akbar Shah & Sha Mubarak ruled Swat tried to close them both on the basis of religion and culture, but if English had their dominion to an end. From 1863-1915 this area was ruled by the neighboring state of Dir then one day the tribes men of a Swat jirga held in Kabal and they chose Mian Gulshan Zada ​​Abdul Wali of Swat as wudood. Mian Gul Wudood was crowned in 1916 and was popularly as Bacha Saheb of Swat.

Bacha Saheb was a progressive ruler British empire are accepted as semi-autonomous Kingdom, he was entitled to a salute of 15 guns, he did push to replace Persian the official language for the first time countries were alloted to the people according to a new legacy Age of Khan generated (Landlords), who got along well with the king, but wanted to keep the farmers and Poor's underdeveloped.

Mian Gul Bacha Saheb also had a constitution composed of religious and cultural education and called it "Fatavi Wudidia"
  
                                                                             Home

Saturday, November 26, 2011

HISTORICAL BALTIT FORT IN HUNZA VALLEY:

Defiying Time ... The Baltit Fort. Eleventh-century Baltit Fort, located 2800 m to the summits of the Himalayas, was built at the time, enemies and withstands frequent earthquakes. Until 1950, the fort was the residence of the Mirs of Hunza, but was then left to perish. The recent restoration, proposed by the Aga Khan Trust has carefully respecting the original construction techniques. Although rain is rare in the Hunza valley is irrigated by an ingenious system of canals fed by ancient glaciers
HUNZA NAGAR VALLEY WONDERFUL DREAMS AND FAIRY RELATION:
Hunza is the northernmost part of a region known as the northern areas of Pakistan. It's a real life green paradise.
For many centuries, it provides the quickest access to Swat and Gandhara (in modern northern Pakistan) for a person on foot. The route was to cross to the baggage animals could only through human carriers, and then only with permission of the local population.
Travel to the Valley from the south, Hunza is the land to the left, and Nagar to the right of the river. They traditionally have been separate principalities.
Of Hunza are spectacular views of the beautiful and wonderful 7788 m (25,551 ft) Rakaposhi.

The famous Karakoram Highway crosses Hunza, connecting Pakistan to China via the Khunjerab Pass.
Hunza has three parts, but not administratively ethnically divided Gojal, mainly populated by Wakhi speakers, Central, and Shinaki with Brushaski speaking people, the Shina-speaking people. Brushaski is understood throughout Hunza.
Until 1974 Hunza was a princely state with its capital located at Baltit (also known as Karimabad). It is now ruled directly from Islamabad through the administration based in Gilgit, the regional capital of Gilgit Baltistan-.
Hunza was an independent principality for 900 years. There is a common missbelief that Hunza was under the rule of the Maharajas of Kashmir, but it never was. The British not for control of the neighboring valley of Hunza and Nagar to get to 1889.
HISTORICAL AND BEATIFUL ALTIT FORT...HUNZA VALLEY PAKISTAN:
Altit fort is situated in the village of Altit about three kilometers from Karimbabd Hunza. It has been built on a sheer rock cliff that falls 300 meters (1,000 feet) into the Indus river. The fort is a 100 years older than the Baltit Fort and wears at one time inhabited by the ruling family.
Today there is a museum built within the Fort for the tourist. A trip to the Baltit & Altit is must while your tour to Hunza Valley.

HEAVENLY HUNZA NAGAR VALLEY:

The visitors to Hunza are overwhelmed by the rugged charm, the fragrant breeze singing through graceful poplar trees and the velvet-like green carpet of wheet fields, set against the background of snow-covered mountains.
Situated at an elevation of 2,438 meters, Hunza Valley's tourist season is from May to October. The temperature in May is maximum 27oC and minimum 14oC. The October temperatures are: maximum 10oC and minimum 0oC.
Most of the people of Hunza are Islamili Muslims, followers of Aga Khan. The local language is Brushuski. Urdu and English are also understood by most of the people.
Karimabad, the capital of Hunza, offers an awe-inspiring view of Rakaposhi (7,788 meters). The snows of Rakaposhi glitter in the moonlight, producing an atmosphere at once ethereal and sublime.
The fairy-tale like castle of Baltit, above Karimabad, is a Hanza landmark built about 600 years ago. Stilted on massive legs, its wooden bay windows look out over the valley. Originally, it was used the resistance of the Mirs (the title of the former rulers) of Hunza.
This valley is composed of terraced ridges running from the high pastures down to the river, with extensive irrigation channels bringing meltwater from the glaciers to the terraced fields and villages. A wide variety of crops are grown here; including potatoes, barley, wheat, and vegetables - along with apricots, apples, cherries, almonds, and other fruit/nut crops. We hiked the valley during the apricot tree bloom, a beautiful time of spring of planting and blossoms.This area has been easily accessible since in1986 when the Karakoram Highway was completed, running through the Khunjerab Pass and into China. This has opened the valley to increasing tourist visits and the social transformation that occurs along with this. Evidence of this transformation is found throughout the central valley, though away from the highway the valley is more primitive.

This valley full of green fields and apricot trees looks like paradise . Friendly people greeting you everywhere. The women do not wear veils. Most people belong to the Islamic sect of Ismaelits. There are many schools, also some specially for girls.
BIRD’S EYE VIEW ON KARIMABAD (HUNZA NAGAR VALLEY):
When you stand on the terrace of the Baltit Fort in Karimabad, it is almost impossible to stop looking around to those magnificent high mountains.
But stop looking up, you must also look down, because from the terrace of the Baltit Fort you also have a splendid bird's eye view on the houses of the village Karimabad.

Humm WHAT YOU DO IN HUNZA NAGAR VALLEY:

Humm...What you do in a magical and wonderful place like Hunza Nagar?;Its a clear guess.
You can see the beautiful sites of Hunza,like the fort.THey are so many that I will need one hour to describe them.So I will just write that you can do every thing because its Hunza.
A traveler can see Hunza,see the beautiful river,climb mountains and offcourse see the beautiful Rakaposhi peak.
YOU MUST GO NOTHERN AREA SOECIALLY HUNZA NAGAR VALLEY :
You must go north to Karimabad, the capital of Hunza. It is a storybook place: quiet, laid-back, and splendidly set with a mountain locals call 'Ladyfinger' behind it and Rakaposhi facing it. It is one of the world's most beautiful spots, in my view.

                                                                  Home


Saturday, November 19, 2011

Meon Jo Daro – Pakistan:A Land Of Greatest Mountains , Glaciers, Rivers & Colorful Culture_ Complete Travel Guide Of Pakistan

Moen Jo dare or Mohan Jo Daro, is the site of the great Indus civilization which flourished as the earliest Urban culture in 3000 - 1700 BC. Known as Harrappan Culture. We have a large No. of detailed sites well laid by the expert archeologists. Indus civilization was probably the most advanced urban culture in the past , From the sites we can see the complete planning of the city, a separate area for Administration/ state, a rich residential area, Industrial area and an area for poor or workers. All the streets present an excellent grid system and were maintained with covered drainage , Dustbins and Market places. It is also proved that they had binary system of weights.

The state was very strict. We don't see any difference in weights found from different sites. Taxes were collected in form of wheat, Barley 0r same, and mud pots were sealed to prove the clearance of dues. The used a language with 300 Different semi pictographic characters, which are not read yet. Further details can be read or had from us at any time.

Moen Jo Daro is declared as Unesco World Heritage Site and is being mutually taken care of by Government of Sindh and UNESCO.

A tour of Moen Jo Daro can be done in a half day but since the flight timings are such that we have to spend the whole day there.

In a good visit of Moen Jo Daro We start with DK area which is also shown on 10 Rupees note. It is an administrative area. We shall see the stupa of 2nd Century Ad which was built by Buddhist much later than the site it self; we then see Assembly hall, drainage, wells, state granary where taxes were collected, streets and the great bath. Then we visit the DK area which is main citadel or rich Residential area we shall see the advanced life style of the people of the Indus. We also witness different levels of civilization and the planning of houses street etc.

After the sites we will visit the site museum which has some findings of the site presented in a professional manner one is amazed to see how archeologists can gather bits and pieces to make an objects.

Rest of the day can be spent at the rest house or optionally be spent to see the rest of the sites (VS & HR) or an excursion to Dokri can be organized to witness the Moen Jo Daro of today. Well time has not changed!

                                                                          Home

Meon Jo Daro – Pakistan:

A Land Of Greatest Mountains , Glaciers, Rivers & Colorful Culture_ Complete                                                Travel Guide Of Pakistan:
Moen Jo dare or Mohan Jo Daro, is the site of the great Indus civilization which flourished as the earliest Urban culture in 3000 - 1700 BC. Known as Harrappan Culture. We have a large No. of detailed sites well laid by the expert archeologists. Indus civilization was probably the most advanced urban culture in the past , From the sites we can see the complete planning of the city, a separate area for Administration/ state, a rich residential area, Industrial area and an area for poor or workers. All the streets present an excellent grid system and were maintained with covered drainage , Dustbins and Market places. It is also proved that they had binary system of weights.

The state was very strict. We don't see any difference in weights found from different sites. Taxes were collected in form of wheat, Barley 0r same, and mud pots were sealed to prove the clearance of dues. The used a language with 300 Different semi pictographic characters, which are not read yet. Further details can be read or had from us at any time.



Moen Jo Daro is declared as Unesco World Heritage Site and is being mutually taken care of by Government of Sindh and UNESCO.



A tour of Moen Jo Daro can be done in a half day but since the flight timings are such that we have to spend the whole day there.

In a good visit of Moen Jo Daro We start with DK area which is also shown on 10 Rupees note. It is an administrative area. We shall see the stupa of 2nd Century Ad which was built by Buddhist much later than the site it self; we then see Assembly hall, drainage, wells, state granary where taxes were collected, streets and the great bath. Then we visit the DK area which is main citadel or rich Residential area we shall see the advanced life style of the people of the Indus. We also witness different levels of civilization and the planning of houses street etc.

After the sites we will visit the site museum which has some findings of the site presented in a professional manner one is amazed to see how archeologists can gather bits and pieces to make an objects.

Rest of the day can be spent at the rest house or optionally be spent to see the rest of the sites (VS & HR) or an excursion to Dokri can be organized to witness the Moen Jo Daro of today. Well time has not changed!


Wednesday, November 16, 2011

Nagar Valley Most Popular and Peaceful For tourists and truism in Pakistan.

The Nagar Valley is a valley near Gilgit Valley, Gilgit Baltistan in Pakistan. The valley is part of Hunza Nagar District and is administratively divided into two tehsils namely Nagar-1 and Nagar-2. The valley lies at an altitude of 2,438 meters (7,999 feet). Nagar Khas is the largest city and capital of the former state of Nagar. Spantik peak (Golden peak) can easily be seen from here. Gulmet is a popular tourist attraction in Nagar because of the spectacular scenery of the surrounding mountains as Rakaposhi at 7,788 m (25,561), and Diran and more than 30 famous peaks. The climate of Nagar remains pleasant from mid April to late September. The maximum temperature in summer during the day is 13 ° C. The weather is very cold in winter, mainly from October to late March. The lowest temperature can be -14 ° C.

Monday, November 14, 2011

Nagar Valley Most Popular and Peaceful For tourists and truism in Pakistan.

The Nagar Valley is a valley near Gilgit Valley, Gilgit Baltistan in Pakistan. The valley is part of Hunza Nagar District and is administratively divided into two tehsils namely Nagar-1 and Nagar-2. The valley lies at an altitude of 2,438 meters (7,999 feet). Nagar Khas is the largest city and capital of the former state of Nagar. Spantik peak (Golden peak) can easily be seen from here. Gulmet is a popular tourist attraction in Nagar because of the spectacular scenery of the surrounding mountains as Rakaposhi at 7,788 m (25,561), and Diran and more than 30 famous peaks. The climate of Nagar remains pleasant from mid April to late September. The maximum temperature in summer during the day is 13 ° C. The weather is very cold in winter, mainly from October to late March. The lowest temperature can be -14 ° C.